A Novel Control Strategy for Standalone Wind Energy Conversion System Supplying Power to Isolated DC Load

  • Devashish Jha National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur
  • Amarnath Thakur National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur India
Keywords: Wind energy conversion system (WECS), Pitch control, Maximum power point tracking (MPPT), Wind turbine (WT), Charge controller.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide an insight on developing a control strategy for a standalone wind energy conversion system (SWECS) intended to power a dc load. The system mainly consist of wind turbine (WT), generator, power electronics devices, battery bank and its charging control circuit along with pitch angle control of wind turbine. Charging of battery is attained through tip-speed ratio (TSR) MPPT logic. Dc-dc converter acts as charge controller which charges the battery in controlled way. Pitch angle control mechanism generate appropriate pitch angle command to dampen the rotational speed of the wind turbine. It limits the turbine output power, generator speed and rectifier output voltage during high wind speed ensuring electrical and mechanical safety of the wind turbine. The three-phase self- excited induction generator (SEIG) coupled to a wind turbine is used to produce electrical power. It is connected to load via ac-dc-dc converter to obtain regulated voltage at the load side. The efficacy of control logic developed for proposed wind energy conversion system is tested in MATLAB/Simulink platform under varying wind and load profile.

Author Biography

Amarnath Thakur, National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur India
Amarnath Thakur received the B Sc (Engg.) degree in Electrical Engineering from MIT, Muzaffarpur, the M Tech degree from IIT(BHU), Varanasi and the Ph D degree from Department of Elecrical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur in 1979, 1982 and 1997 respectively. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur. His area of interest include power electronics and renewable energy system.  He is life member of the Indian Society for Technical Education New Delhi and Institution of Engineers, India.

References

[1] John K. Kaldellis, D. Zafirakis, “The wind energy evolution: A short review of a long history, Renewable Energy,” vol. 36, Issue 7, pp. 1887-1901, July 2011.
[2] Devashish, A. Thakur, S. Panigrahi and R. R. Behera, "A review on wind energy conversion system and enabling technology," International Conference on Electrical Power and Energy Systems (ICEPES), Bhopal, 2016, pp. 527-532.
[3] Devashish and A. Thakur, “A Comprehensive Review on Wind Energy Systems for Electric Power Generation: Current Situation and Improved Technologies to Realize Future Development,” International Journal of Renewable Energy Research-IJRER, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1786-1805, December 2017.
[4] M. T. Ameli, S. Moslehpur, and A. Mirzale, “Feasibility study for replacing asynchronous generators with synchronous generators in wind farm power stations,” in Proc. IAJC – IJME, Int. Conf. Eng. Technol., Music City Sheraton, Nashville, TN, US, ENT paper 129Nov. 17–19, 2008.
[5] A. Mesemanolis, C. Mademlis and I. Kioskeridis, "High-Efficiency Control for a Wind Energy Conversion System With Induction Generator," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 958-967, Dec. 2012.
[6] A. Mesemanolis, C. Mademlis and I. Kioskeridis, "Optimal Efficiency Control Strategy in Wind Energy Conversion System With Induction Generator," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 238-246, Dec. 2013.
[7] G. K. Singh, “Self excited generator research—A survey,” Electric Power Syst. Res., vol. 69, no. 2/3, pp. 107–114, 2004.
[8] F. Blaabjerg, M. Liserre and K. Ma, "Power Electronics Converters for Wind Turbine Systems," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 708-719, March-April 2012
[9] A. M. D. Broe, S. Drouilhet, and V. Gevorgian, “A peak power tracker for small wind turbines in battery
11
charging applications,” IEEE Tranaction on Energy Conversion, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1630–1635, Dec. 1999.
[10] Dipesh Kumar, Kalyan Chatterjee, “A review of conventional and advanced MPPT algorithms for wind energy systems,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 55, pp. 957-970, 2016.
[11] Kot, R., M. Rolak, and M. Malinowski. "Comparison of maximum peak power tracking algorithms for a small wind turbine." Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, vol. 91, pp. 29-40, 2013.
[12] R. Datta and V. T. Ranganathan, “A method of tracking the peak power points for a variable speed wind energy conversion system,” IEEE Transaction Energy Conversion, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 163–168, Mar. 2003.
[13] S. M. R. Kazmi, H. Goto, G. Hai-Jiao, and O. Ichinokura, “A novel algorithm for fast and efficient speed-sensorless maximum power point tracking in wind energy conversion systems,” IEEE Tranaction Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 29–36, Jan. 2011.
[14] M. Chinchilla, S. Arnaltes, and J. C. Burgos, “Control of permanent magnet generators applied to variable-speed wind-energy systems connected to the grid,” IEEE Transaction Energy Conversion., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 130– 135, Mar. 2006
[15] P. Ching-Tsai and J. Yu-Ling, “A novel sensorless MPPT controller for a high-efficiency microscale wind power generation system,” IEEE Transaction Energy Conversion., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 207–216, Mar. 2010.
[16] V. Agarwal, R. K. Aggarwal, P. Patidar and C. Patki, "A Novel Scheme for Rapid Tracking of Maximum Power Point in Wind Energy Generation Systems," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 228-236, March 2010.
[17] M. Nasiri, J. Milimonfared, S.H. Fathi, “Modeling, analysis and comparison of TSR and OTC methods for MPPT and power smoothing in permanent magnet synchronous generator-based wind turbines,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 86, pp. 892-900, 2014.
[18] K. Y. Lo, Y. M. Chen, and Y. R. Chang, “MPPT battery charger for standalone wind power system,” IEEE Transaction Power Electronics, vol. 26, no. 6,pp. 1631–1638, Jun. 2011.
[19] Minh Quan Duong, Francesco Grimaccia, Sonia Leva, Marco Mussetta, Emanuele Ogliari, Pitch angle control using hybrid controller for all operating regions of SCIG wind turbine system, Renewable Energy, Vol. 70, 2014, Pages 197-203.
[20] Civelek, Zafer, Murat Lüy, Ertuğrul Çam, and Necaattin Barışçı. "Control of pitch angle of wind turbine by fuzzy PID controller." Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 22, no. 3 (2016): 463-471.
[21] A. S. Satpathy, N. K. Kishore, D. Kastha and N. C. Sahoo, "Control Scheme for a Stand-Alone Wind Energy Conversion System," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 418-425, June 2014.
[22] T. L. Van, T. H. Nguyen and D. C. Lee, "Advanced Pitch Angle Control Based on Fuzzy Logic for Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Systems," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 578-587, June 2015.
[23] Paul.C.Krause, Oleg Wasynczuk & Scott D. Sudhoff , Analysis of Electric Machinery, IEEE Press, 1994.
[24] Muhammad H. Rashisd, “Power electronics handbook,” Third edition, Academic press, 2010
Published
2018-05-31
How to Cite
Jha, D., & Thakur, A. (2018). A Novel Control Strategy for Standalone Wind Energy Conversion System Supplying Power to Isolated DC Load. Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, 13(1), 19-29. Retrieved from http://mjee.org/index/index.php/ee/article/view/2640
Section
Articles