A New Topology of Three-Phase Four-Wire UPQC with a Simplified Control Algorithm
AbstractIn this paper, a simplified control algorithm based on unit vector template generation (UVTG) is proposed for a star-delta supported three-phase four-wire (3P-4W) unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) topology for the improvement of different power quality problems. Different topologies reported in literature for 3P-4W UPQC use active compensation for the mitigation of source neutral current along with other power quality (PQ) problems, while the uses of passive elements for the mitigation of source neutral current are advantageous over the active compensation due to ruggedness and less complexity of control. Hence, in this paper a star-delta transformer is connected in shunt near the load for mitigation of source neutral current, while three-leg voltage source inverters (VSIs) based shunt and series active power filters (APFs) of 3P-4W UPQC mitigate the current and voltage based distortions, respectively. A simple control algorithm based on Unit Vector Template Generation (UVTG) is used as a control strategy of UPQC for mitigation of different PQ problems. In this control scheme, the current/voltage control is applied over the fundamental supply currents/load voltages instead of fast changing APFs currents/voltages, thereby reducing the effects of computational delay and the required sensors. The performance of the proposed topology of UPQC is analyzed through simulations results using MATLAB software with its Simulink and Power System Block set toolboxes.
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